The Washington Post calls Lester Brown “one of the world’s most influential thinkers.” The Telegraph of Calcutta refers to him as “the guru of the environmental movement.” In 1986, the Library of Congress requested his personal papers noting that his writings “have already strongly affected thinking about problems of world population and resources.”
Brown started his career as a farmer, growing tomatoes in southern New Jersey with his younger brother during high school and college. They expanded the tomato growing operation from 28,000 plants in 1951 to 280,000 in 1959.
Shortly after earning a degree in agricultural science from Rutgers University in 1955, he spent six months living in rural India where he became intimately familiar with the food/population issue. In 1959 Brown joined the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Foreign Agricultural Service as an international analyst.
Brown earned masters degrees in agricultural economics from the University of Maryland in 1959 and in public administration from Harvard in 1962. In 1964, he became an adviser to Secretary of Agriculture Orville Freeman on foreign agricultural policy. In 1966, the Secretary appointed him Administrator of the department’s International Agricultural Development Service which managed U.S. technical assistance programs in 42 countries. In early 1969, he left government to help James P. Grant establish the Overseas Development Council.
In 1974, with support of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, Lester Brown founded the Worldwatch Institute, the first research institute devoted exclusively to the analysis of global environmental issues. While there he launched the Worldwatch Papers, the annual State of the World reports and World Watch magazine. He later launched a second annual entitled Vital Signs: The Trends That are Shaping Our Future, and the Environmental Alert book series.
Brown has authored or coauthored 55 books. With his books appearing in 44 languages, he is one of the world’s most widely published authors. Among his earlier books are Man, Land and Food, World Without Borders, and Building a Sustainable Society. His 1995 book Who Will Feed China? challenged the official view of China’s food prospect, spawning hundreds of conferences and seminars.
In May 2001, he founded the Earth Policy Institute to provide a vision and a road map for achieving an environmentally sustainable economy. In November 2001, he published Eco-Economy: Building an Economy for the Earth, which was hailed by E.O. Wilson as “an instant classic.” His most recent book is The Great Transition: Shifting from Fossil Fuels to Solar and Wind Energy. In 2013, he released his autobiography, Breaking New Ground: A Personal History.
He is the recipient of many prizes and awards, including 25 honorary degrees, a MacArthur Fellowship, the 1987 United Nations’ Environment Prize, the 1989 World Wide Fund for Nature Gold Medal, and the 1994 Blue Planet Prize for his “exceptional contributions to solving global environmental problems.” In 2012, he was inducted into the Earth Hall of Fame Kyoto.
On June 30, 2015, at the age of 81, he stepped down from managing the Earth Policy Institute, opting to continue research and writing on his own. In November of 2016, Rutgers cut the ribbon on the Lester R. Brown Reading Room which contains a complete set of his 55 books in all languages, totaling 637 volumes. He has just completed a book on the fast tightening world water prospect.